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RESEARCH ACTIVITIES


• Research programme

Within the DoReMi project, the research activities are structured in Work Package (WP), i.e, a sort of sub-projects, allowing multiple research teams to work simultaneously or sequentially on different topics of the project and to address the global objective of the project.

 

What are low dose radiation effects ?

Exposure of the population to natural radiation is to some extent unavoidable and medical exposure of the patient during diagnosis and therapy, and of population groups during screening, is now an indispensable part of modern medicine.

The exposure of workers, and to a smaller extent of the public, to low levels of radiation from nuclear energy production and other industrial uses of ionising radiation have become an integral part of industrialised society.
Any over-, or under-, estimation of the risks to health from ionising radiation could lead either to unnecessary restriction or to a lower level of health protection than intended. Judgements on radiation protection standards in Europe and elsewhere are highly dependent upon:

»  Scientific knowledge that is reviewed in cycles by national committees and by a committee of the United Nations (UNSCEAR http://www.unscear.org/ )

» The recommendations made by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP http://www.icrp.org/ ) that seek to take account of such scientific development.
The acquisition of new scientific knowledge through research is therefore a crucial element in improving the protection of the public, radiation workers and medical patients from the adverse health effects of radiation.

Although current radiation protection standards are generally judged to be acceptably robust there remains considerable scientific uncertainty particularly with regard to health risks at low doses and/or low dose rates.
Consequent upon these uncertainties, the issue of low dose risk is controversial in both scientific and political circles.